COMMON EYE PROBLEMS

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According to research from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, there is approximately 11 million Americans over the age of 12 that could improve their vision through proper refractive correction. Over 3.3 million American over the age of 40 are either legally blind or have low vision.

Read below to learn more about some common problems that may happen to you

Anterior Uveitis

[ an-teer-ee-er ] [ yoo-vee-ahy-tis ]

Anterior uveitis is an inflammation of the middle layer of the eye, which includes the iris (colored part of the eye) and adjacent tissue, known as the ciliary body. If untreated, it can cause permanent damage and loss of vision from the development of glaucoma, cataract or retinal edema. It usually responds well to treatment; however, there may be a tendency for the condition to recur.

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Blepharitis

[ blef-uh-rahy-tis ]

Blepharitis is an inflammation of the eyelids and eyelashes causing red, irritated, itchy eyelids and the formation of dandruff like scales on eyelashes.

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[ kat-uh-rakt ]

[ kat-uh-rakt ]

A cataract is a cloudy or opaque area in the normally clear lens of the eye. Depending upon its size and location, it can interfere with normal vision. Most cataracts develop in people over age 55, but they occasionally occur in infants and young children. Usually cataracts develop in both eyes, but one may be worse than the other.

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Chalazion

[ kuh-ley-zee-uh n ]

A chalazion is a slowly developing lump that forms due to blockage and swelling of an oil gland in the eyelid. It is more common in adults than children and occurs most frequently in persons 30 to 50 years of age.

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Conjunctivitus

[ kuh n-juhngk-tuh-vahy-tis ]

Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin, transparent layer that lines the inner eyelid and covers the white part of the eye. The three main types of conjunctivitis are infectious, allergic and chemical. The infectious type, commonly called “pink eye” is caused by a contagious virus or bacteria.

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Diabetic Retinopathy

[ dahy-uh-bet-ik ] [ ret-n-op-uh-thee ]

Diabetes is a disease that interferes with the body’s ability to use and store sugar and can cause many health problems. One, called diabetic retinopathy, can weaken and cause changes in the small blood vessels that nourish your eye’s retina, the delicate, light sensitive lining of the back of the eye. These blood vessels may begin to leak, swell or develop brush-like branches.

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Dry Eyes

[ drahy ] [ ahyz ]

The tears your eyes produce are necessary for overall eye health and clear vision. Dry eye means that your eyes do not produce enough tears or that you produce tears which do not have the proper chemical composition.

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Glaucoma

[ glaw-koh-muh, glou- ]

Glaucoma is an eye disease in which the internal pressure in your eyes increases enough to damage the nerve fibers in your optic nerve and cause vision loss. The increase in pressure happens when the passages that normally allow fluid in your eyes to drain become clogged or blocked. The reasons that the passages become blocked are not known.

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Macular Degeneration

[ mak-yuh-luhr ] [ dih-jen-uh-rey-shuhn ]

Macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness in America. It results from changes to the macula, a portion of the retina that is responsible for clear, sharp vision and is located at the back of the eye.

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Ocular Hypertension

[ ok-yuh-ler ] [ hahy-per-ten-shuh n ]

Ocular hypertension is an increase in the pressure in your eyes that is above the range considered normal with no detectable changes in vision or damage to the structure of your eyes. The term is used to distinguish people with elevated pressure from those with glaucoma, a serious eye disease that causes damage to the optic nerve and vision loss.

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Spots and Floaters

[ spotz ] and [ floh-terz ]

Spots (often called floaters) are small, semi-transparent or cloudy specks or particles within the vitreous, which is the clear, jelly-like fluid that fills the inside of your eyes. They appear as specks of various shapes and sizes, threadlike strands or cobwebs. Because they are within your eyes, they move as your eyes move and seem to dart away when you try to look at them directly.

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